Not a lot is known about how the transportation of goods by waterfirst began. Large cargo boats were being used in some parts of the world up tofive thousand years ago. However, sea trade became more widespread when largesailing boats travelled between ports, carrying spices, perfumes and objectsmade by hand.
我们需要根据语法和理解对文本进行意群的划分。以第一句话为例，我们可以这样断句：“Nota lot／is known／about how thetransportation of goods／by water／first began.”
很多同学可能会疑惑，不应该在“known about”后面做断句吗？注意哦，从语法上来说，我们一般都在介词和连词前面做断句。其次，从语意上来说，“Not a lot is known about”的意思是“并不是众所周知的关于”，这样也无法完整表达语意。因此，在“about”前面断句才是正确的做法。
做完断句之后请大家一定要记得，应该把划分的意群读紧凑。如“Not a lot”、“about how the transportation of goods”。除此之外，大家还要训练自己一口气多读一些意群的能力，具体做法可以尝试拖长上一个音节的最后一个单词，如“known”，“goods”，使其听起来不仅流畅且有较好的节奏感。
之后大家要通过自己对文本的理解来做重音啦！还记得吗？通常情况下，由于我们通常见到的Read Aloud的文本都是比较学术性的文章，因此我们大多会选择在一些“content words”上面做重音，而弱读“function words”。因此以第一句话为例，我们可以这样说：“Nota lot isknownabouthowthe transportation of goods by waterfirstbegan.”
A young man from a small provincial town — a man without independent wealth, without powerful family connections and without a university education — moved to London in the late 1580’s and, in a remarkably short time, became the greatest playwright not of his age alone but of all time. How did Shakespeare become Shakespeare?
Welfare has a special political meaning to the United States because it refers to how the poor receives financial aid. In comparison welfare services are regarded as a universal right in other regions like Europe where it is believed that all citizens should be able to obtain a minimum level of social support and well-being.